Antique map South East Asia by Ortelius titled ‘Indiae Orientalis, Insularumque Adicanti: VM TY:PVS’.Â A very attractive and much sought-after late 16th century map black and white map of South-east Asia by Abraham Ortelius from a Latin edition of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum published by Christophe Plantin in Antwerp in 1595, 1601 or 1609. The Theatrum was the first uniformly-sized, systematic collection of maps ever produced and hence is generally referred to as the first true atlas although the term was not used until 25 years later by Gerard Mercator. Latin text on verso and crossed arrows watermark in eastern sector of the map.
‘Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacentium Typus’ by Ortelius is a real milestone in the cartography of Southeast Asia and the East Indian Islands. Representing the synthesis of cartographic knowledge of the region for the first seventy years of the sixteenth century and, most importantly, brought that knowledge to a very wide audience. This map must be considered one of the gems of any private collection of maps of the region and, somewhat surprisingly, is still available for collectors at a reasonable price.
This unique map showed in the late 16th century the best readily available information on Southeast Asia and the East Indian Islands from Italian, Portuguese and Spanish sources. Exending from Portuguese India in the west, through China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the East Indies (Indonesian archipelago), including New Guinea, to the Northwest coast of America.
Sumatra and Java are shown heavily distorted in shape together with the principal spice islands, but the emergent shape of Borneo and the Philippines is apparent as well as the general configuration of the East Indian archipelago. Java is shown as an island but with a greatly inflated shape and no topographical information along the south coast, separated from Beach, a presumed promontory on the southern or ‘fifth’ continent Australia.
Borneo is mapped in the place of the fictitious ‘Java Minor’ that frequently appeared at that latitude on the ‘modern’ Ptolemaic maps of the region, although only the part of Borneo north of the equator is shown to the west of a barely recognizable Celebes (Sulawesi), where no hint is given of the very distinctive peninsula geography of the island.
On the other hand, the clove-producing islands of Ternate, Tidore and their neighbours to the south, Machian and Bacam, are correctly located to the west of the easily identifiable island of Gilolo (Halmahera) with its four distinctive peninsulas. Buru island is located correctly to the west of the main Ambon island, now called Seram, and although the ‘Bird’s Head’ part of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) is shown as three islands, the outline of the coasts, particularly the north coast, strongly suggests that Ortelius based his information on actual charts of the coasts.
Gebe island, where the French obtained the first clove and nutmeg seedlings they smuggled out in the eighteenth century and which currently contains one of Indonesia’s largest nickel mines, is correctly located on the equator between Gilolo and New Guinea.
Artist: A. Ortelius
Description:Â Antique world map titled 'De Werelt Caart'. Double hemisphere world map showing Australia asÂ Niew HollandtÂ and according to the discoveries made by Abel Tasman on his two voyages in 1642-44. California as an island and the north west coast of America is namedÂ Terra Esonis.Â In Asia, Korea is a elongated peninsula. The two main hemispheres are surrounded by six smaller spherical sections, two covering the polar surfaces of the earth, two showing astronomical measurements relative to the earth, one featuring a geocentric view of the solar system and the other representing the Sun and its relationship with both the Earth and the Moon showing how eclipses are produced. Originates from a Dutch bible.Â
Artists and Engravers:Â Made by or after C. Danckerts.Â
- Date: c.1720
- Overall size: 54.5 x 41 cm.
- Image size: 51.5 x 36.5 cm.
- Condition: Very good, original/contemporary hand coloring. Dutch text on verso, please study image carefully.
Description: Antique map Europe and Asia titledÂ 'Geographie du moyen age'. This original antique map originates from 'Atlas de la Geographie Universelle ou Description de toutes les parties du monde sur un plan nouveau d'apres les grandes divisions naturelles du globe' by Malte-Brun, revised by J.J. N. Huot, printed in 1847, Paris.
Artists and Engravers: Conrad Malte-Brun (1755 - 1826), born Malthe Conrad Bruun, was a Danish-French geographer and journalist. His second son, Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun, was also a geographer.
- Date: 1847
- PartNumber: 218
- Storage Location: (BG) A12-37
Description: Antique print titled 'Avis pugnax mas'. Old bird print of the male ruff birdÂ (Calidris pugnax), amedium-sizedÂ wading birdÂ that breeds inÂ marshesÂ and wetÂ meadowsÂ across northernÂ EurasiaÂ . This highlyÂ gregariousÂ sandpiperÂ isÂ migratoryÂ and sometimes forms huge flocks in its winter grounds, which include southern and western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia. This print originates from 'The Natural History of Birds' by E. Albin. This is the rarest and most highly prized of Albinâ€™s works as it was hand coloured entirely by Albin and his daughter, Elizabeth. There were only 89 sets published.Â
Artists and Engravers: EleazarÂ Albin was a German professional painter who settled in England in 1707, where he married and raised a family, changing his name from Weiss to Albin. He illustrated works on insects and spiders, earning his living by making watercolors of the collections of wealthy patrons, including Sir Hans Sloane, whose collection founded the British Museum. His work on birds was done late in his life & was the first large English work on ornithology, hand-colored by Albin and his daughter Elizabeth & published initially in London from 1731-1738.
- Date: c.1738
- Overall size: 22 x 29 cm.
- Image size: 21 x 24 cm.
- Condition: Good, original/contemporary hand coloring. Minor foxing, general age-related toning. Blank verso, please study image carefully.
Description: Antique print titled 'Motacilla, Flava'. This print depicts the Western yellow wagtail with nest and eggs (Dutch: gele kwikstaart). The western yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws. This species breeds in much of temperate Europe and Asia. It is resident in the milder parts of its range, such as western Europe, but northern and eastern populations migrate to Africa and south Asia.
This print originates from 'Nederlandsche Vogelen; volgens hunne huisdouding, aert, en eigenschappen beschreeven', Amsterdam, 1770-1829 by C. Nozeman, M. Houttuyn and J.C. Sepp. This is the most important and first study in the Netherlands of ornithology at that time. The birds are depicted as they are in life, said to be depicted close to life sized and in their environment.
Original text page included.
Artists and engravers:Â This monumental work is associated with Christiaan Andreas Sepp, Jan Christiaan Sepp, Jan Sepp, Cornelis Nozeman, Martinus Houttuyn and Coenraad Jacob Temminck.
- Date: 1789
- Overall size: 37 x 53 cm.
- Image size: 27.8 x 41.6 cm.
- Condition: Very good. General age-related toning. Please study image carefully.